للـ FNA قصة طويلة مع محاضرات الجراحة الصغرى...
طالما شككت بما يذكر عن قدرتها الخرافية وفعاليتها وتفضيلها للتشخيص
عبارة مثل: "لا يوجد مضاد استطباب"
"هي الخيار الأمثل"
"مباشرة نلجأ إلى FNA"
زرعت في نفسي الدهشة أولاً ثم الإعجاب ربما لكن الأهم الشك...
ونظراً لانعدام خبرتي في البحث في الـ Pubmed اتمنى أن تشاركوني هذا التحقيق حول مدى صحة تفوق الـ FNA...
سأبدأ بهذه المقالة :
Dambrauskas Z, Gulbinas A, Pundzius J, Barauskas G.
Laboratory for Research of the GI Tract, Institute for Biomedical Research, Kaunas University of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania.
OBJECTIVE: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is the procedure of choice for accurate diagnosis of infected necrosis. However, invasive procedures increase the risk of secondary pancreatic infection and the timing of FNA is still a matter for debate. Our objective was to assess the value of routine clinical tests to determine the minimal risk for infected necrosis, thereby optimizing timing and selection of patients for image-guided FNA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective, non-randomized study comprised 90 patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis. The data of 52 patients were used for discriminant function analysis to determine the differences between patients with infected necrosis and those with sterile necrosis. Cut-off points for variables were established using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and logistic regression was performed to determine the risk of infected necrosis. The clinical relevance of the defined diagnostic system was prospectively tested in a further 38 consecutive patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). RESULTS: Discriminant function analysis showed that C-reactive protein (CRP) and white blood cell (WBC) values were significant discriminators between patients with sterile necrosis and those with infected necrosis. Cut-off values of 81 mg/l for CRP and 13 x 10(9)/l for WBC were established. The predicted risk for infected necrosis is approx. 1.4% if both tests are below the defined cut-off values. Consequently, we found FNA unnecessary in this subset of patients, unless otherwise indicated, as this invasive procedure per se carries a certain risk of bacterial contamination. CONCLUSIONS: Routine clinical tests are helpful in diagnosing the development of infected necrosis. Based on the application of classification functions, the timing and selection of patients for image-guided FNA can be optimized.
حسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل