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The HELPERR mnemonic in Shoulder Dystocia


The HELPERR mnemonic in Shoulder Dystocia

المعلومة

H: Call for Help
E: Evaluate for episiotomy
L: Legs (the McRoberts’ manoeuvre)
P: Suprapubic pressure
E: Enter manoeuvres (internal rotation)
R: Remove the posterior arm
R: Roll the patient

المرجع

American Academy of Family Physicians

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الطبيبة العجيبة
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H Call for help.
This refers to activating the pre-arranged protocol or requesting the appropriate personnel to respond with necessary equipment to the labor and delivery unit.

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iman.j.k
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E Evaluate for episiotomy.
Episiotomy should be considered throughout the management of shoulder dystocia but is necessary only to make more room if rotation maneuvers are required. Shoulder dystocia is a bony impaction, so episiotomy alone will not release the shoulder. Because most cases of shoulder dystocia can be relieved with the McRoberts maneuver and suprapubic pressure, many women can be spared a surgical incision.

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iman.j.k
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L Legs (the McRoberts maneuver)
This procedure involves flexing and abducting the maternal hips, positioning the maternal thighs up onto the maternal abdomen. This position flattens the sacral promontory and results in cephalad rotation of the pubic symphysis. Nurses and family members present at the delivery can provide assistance for this maneuver.

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iman.j.k
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P Suprapubic pressure
The hand of an assistant should be placed suprapubically over the fetal anterior shoulder, applying pressure in a cardiopulmonary resuscitation style with a downward and lateral motion on the posterior aspect of the fetal shoulder. This maneuver should be attempted while continuing downward traction.

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iman.j.k
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E Enter maneuvers (internal rotation)
These maneuvers attempt to manipulate the fetus to rotate the anterior shoulder into an oblique plane and under the maternal symphysis (see Figure 2). These maneuvers can be difficult to perform when the anterior shoulder is wedged beneath the symphysis. At times, it is necessary to push the fetus up into the pelvis slightly to accomplish the maneuvers.

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iman.j.k
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"Enter" Maneuvers for Shoulder Dystocia

Rubin II
At vaginal examination apply pressure as indicated. If shoulders move into the oblique diameter, attempt delivery.

Rubin II + Woods corkscrew maneuver
If unsuccessful, add the Woods corkscrew maneuver and continue rotation in the same direction. Use both hands and apply pressure as indicated. If shoulders now move into the oblique, attempt delivery. If this is unsuccessful, continue rotation 180 degrees and deliver.

Reverse Woods corkscrew maneuver
If the last maneuver is unsuccessful, change to reverse Woods corkscrew maneuver. Slide fingers down to back of posterior shoulder and attempt 180-degree rotation in the opposite direction.
NOTE: Rubin I = suprapubic pressure.

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iman.j.k
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R Remove the posterior arm.
Removing the posterior arm from the birth canal also shortens the bisacromial diameter, allowing the fetus to drop into the sacral hollow, freeing the impaction. The elbow then should be flexed and the forearm delivered in a sweeping motion over the fetal anterior chest wall. Grasping and pulling directly on the fetal arm may fracture the humerus.

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iman.j.k
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R Roll the patient.
The patient rolls from her existing position to the all-fours position. Often, the shoulder will dislodge during the act of turning, so that this movement alone may be sufficient to dislodge the impaction. In addition, once the position change is completed, gravitational forces may aid in the disimpaction of the fetal shoulders.

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iman.j.k
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في عندي فيلم علمي كتير حلو بوضح الحكي النظري يلي هون بطريقة عملية رائعة
بس للأسف ما عرفت كيف نزلو هونSad Sad Sad
هل يوجد طريقة مبتكرة فعالة في علاج حالتي

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الطبيبة العجيبة's picture
الطبيبة العجيبة
السنة الخامسة

If shoulder dystocia is your grief,
suprapubic pressure brings relief.

Extended episiotomy is your boon,
if you want to gain more vaginal room.

If corkscrewing makes you colder,
try delivering the posterior shoulder.

If you still think you can't make it,
take the clavicle and gently break it.

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Dr.TH

Quote:
If shoulder dystocia is your grief,
suprapubic pressure brings relief.
Extended episiotomy is your boon,
if you want to gain more vaginal room.

If corkscrewing makes you colder,
try delivering the posterior shoulder.

If you still think you can't make it,
take the clavicle and gently break it.

Very Happy

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Ahmed.AlHalabi
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